On the night of the 12th of June 1914, Turkish irregulars raided the town of Old Phocaea (Gr: Παλαιά Φώκαια) and began a pillage and massacre of the town. The massacre lasted 24 hours. Old Phocaea had a population of 8,000 Greeks and about 400 Turks. Many of these Greeks fled by boat to neighboring Mytilene. The Greeks of Phocaea returned to their homes in 1919-20 after Turkey’s defeat in WW1, but were expelled again in 1922.