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Tuesday, August 11, 2020

Stealing Greece From the Greeks

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The Parthenon in Athens

 

 

Stealing Greece From the Greeks

 

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The Blog Huffington Post

 

Greece set the foundations of our civilization primarily because of her legacy of knowledge.

 

Homer, Plato, Aristotle and Archimedes, and a galaxy of other thinkers spanning more than a thousand years, wrote books full of facts and questions about society, the natural world and the cosmos.

 

Greek books of mathematics, science, medicine, engineering and philosophy opened the eyes of the humanists in early modern times, triggering a revolution in thought that made our “modern” world.

If this Greek contribution to civilization seems at odds with the plight of the Greeks in 2013, the explanation comes from history.

The Greeks thrived not merely because, like Plato said, reason was their king. Their other pillar was religion. They sought spiritual sustenance in many gods like Zeus, Poseidon, Apollo, Hephaestus, Athena and Demeter.

 

These gods were immortal beings out of society and the cosmos. Zeus was the god of thunder, lightening, and rain. He was also the god of hospitality and justice. His daughter, Athena, was the goddess of knowledge and wisdom — and of the olive tree. Athena’s mother, Metis, was the goddess of intelligence. Poseidon reigned in the seas. Hephaestus was fire, metallurgy and technology. Apollo was light, music and prophecy. His oracle at Delphi was the central strategic policy institute of Greece. Demeter, sister of Zeus, was wheat and rural culture. Another god, Dionysus, was wine and the tragic theater. The life of Athens was basically the celebration of Dionysus.

 

The Greeks honored their gods with masterpieces of art, literature, theater, and architecture. The Parthenon was dedicated to Athena. The Olympics was a hymn to Zeus.

 

The Greeks also decoded the cosmos in order to understand the movements of the Earth, the sun, the moon and the planets, which were also gods. Indeed, they invented the world’s first computer, the Antikythera mechanism, to predict the eclipses of the sun and the moon.

 

All this broke down in the fourth century. By that time, Greece was a province of Rome. The Roman emperor Constantine raised Christianity to the throne. Christianity then smashed the Greek temples, abolished the Olympics, and forcibly spread its ideas in Greece. But not all Greeks abandoned their culture. Indeed, key Greek texts remained the textbooks of the Greek schools.

 

When Greek books lit up the Renaissance in the 15th century, hordes of Muslim Turks overran Greece.

 

In the 1820s, Greece got rid of the Turks and has been free ever since.

 

The Europeans resent the living Greeks, however. They want to have a monopoly of the Greek legacy. They and the Americans stock their museums with art they continue to plunder from their “archaeological” excavations in Greece.

 

In general, the West ignores the Greeks, usually treating their country like a colony. When the Greeks won the first victory in WWII, the Western allies quickly forgot it. And after the war ended, Greece got practically nothing from the Germans who leveled Greece and murdered tens of thousands of Greeks[1].

 

Then the American-triggered financial meltdown of 2008 struck. This time rapacious moneylenders joined the West’s contempt for Greece and ignited another occupation of the country.

 

The occupiers formed a troika made up of America’s International Monetary Fund and Europe’s Central Bank as well as the European Commission. These bankers terrorized the Greek government. They put aside Greek sovereignty, thus violating Greek and international law and all standards of decency and civilization. They imposed such an inhumane “austerity” on the Greeks that, within three years, 2009-2012, they spread homelessness, hunger, and destitution all over the country.

 

So this is why the Greeks in 2013 appear to be so far removed from their ancestors. The financiers of the West, barbarians in pin-stripped suits, are trying to steal Greece from the Greeks. First of all, they ordered the Greek government to sell all its assets at bargain-basement prices.

 

For example, the Greek government sold a gold mine near Thessaloniki in northern Greece to the Canadian Eldorado Gold Corporation. But the Greeks rejected that sellout. Protesters recently burnedthe mine down. If and when such a colonial deal materializes, the Eldorado Company will devour forests and groundwater, and will contaminate the region with poisons, injuring public health, fishing, and tourism.

 

Second, the troika sees sun-drenched Greece as a perfect track of land for condominiums and tourism. Forget Homer. Who cares for Aristotle and Archimedes?

 

Aeschylus, the fifth century BCE Athenian poet, predicted Erinyes, the avenging furies, stalk men like the moneylenders, grinding them down to death.

 

I would also hope patriotic Greeks and philhellenes rush to prevent this occupation of Greece from becoming final. They need to kick the troika out of the country. Clearly, the IMF and the European Union are a façade for moneylenders. What they did to Greece assures their oblivion. This is particularly true for the EU.

 

Greeks must return to their own currency and terminate payments to the lenders. They need to restart their independence by producing all their food. Create public works to raise hope and income. And invest in knowledge, an asset of Greece from the ancient times to today.

 

[1] Knopp, Guido (2009) (in German). Die Wehrmacht – Eine Bilanz. Goldmann.

=============================================

enet.gr EnetEnglish.gr, 10:55 Friday 22 February 2013 Eleftherotypia in English

 

ECB profits on Greek bonds

A whopping 555m euros. This is how much the European Central Bank said it made last year from Greek sovereign bonds

European Central Bank posts profits on Greek bonds (Reuters)The European Central Bank on Thursday published previously confidential data showing it made a whopping 555m euros last year from Greek sovereign bonds – money the eurozone governments have agreed could be used to lower Greece’s debt load.

 

The new data – information revealed as part of a transparency policy meant to increase confidence in the new bond-buyback program (also called Outright Market Transactions) – suggests the whole Eurosystem, which includes the European Central Bank and the central banks of the 17 eurozone member states, could have made up to 6bn euros from Greek bonds acquired under the first bond-buy plan which ran from mid-2010 and was designed to calm financial market fears of a eurozone break-up.

 

Eurozone finance ministers and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) agreed in November to pass on the profits from the Eurosystem’s Greek bond portfolio to Athens from the budget year 2013 onwards to help with debt servicing.

 

Under the EU/IMF plan to distribute profits from the ECB’s now-defunct Securities Markets Programme (SMP), the ECB would pay its portion of the profits to national central banks. The national banks would then add in their own profits from Greek government bonds they held themselves and pass the gains to national governments, which would then send the money to Athens.

 

Detailing its 2012 accounts, the ECB said on Thursday it made a total of 1.108bn euros from the SMP last year and its net profit rose to 998m euros from 728m.

 

The ECB said it would distribute 423m euros of its net profit to national central banks, in addition to the 575m which was already given to them in January.

 

Reuters

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Η Βρετανία αρνείται να γυρίσει και στους Ινδούς το διαμάντι τους

Κάμερον: «Δεν πρόκειται να επιστρέψουμε τις ελληνικές αρχαιότητες»

 

«Σίγουρα δεν πιστεύω στις επιστροφές. Δεν πιστεύω πως είναι κάτι λογικό» ήταν η απάντηση του Πρωθυπουργού της Μεγάλης Βρετανίας Ντέιβιντ Κάμερον με την οποία επιχείρησε να κλείσει τα δεκάδες αιτήματα για την επιστροφή αρχαιοτήτων στις πατρίδες τους. Αφορμή ήταν το διαμάντι των 105 καρατίων Κοχ-ι-Νουρ που «δεν θα επιστραφεί στην Ινδία» όπως δήλωσε, παρομοιάζοντας μάλιστα την υπόθεση αυτή με το θέμα των (όπως τα αποκάλεσε) «Ελγινείων Μαρμάρων».

 

Μιλώντας κατά την τρίτη και τελευταία ημέρα της επίσκεψής του στην Ινδία με στόχο την αύξηση του εμπορίου και των επενδύσεων, ο Κάμερον απέκλεισε το ενδεχόμενο να επιστραφεί το διαμάντι Κοχ-ι-Νουρ των 105 καρατίων που εκτίθεται σήμερα στον Πύργο του Λονδίνου. Το διαμάντι -δώρο στη βασίλισσα Βικτωρία το 1850 από τον τότε αποικιακό βρετανό γενικό κυβερνήτη της Ινδίας- είχε κοσμήσει το διάδημα της εκλιπούσης μητέρας της σημερινής Βασίλισσας Ελισάβετ.

 

Η Ελισάβετ μάλιστα, όταν είχε πραγματοποιήσει επίσημη επίσκεψη στην Ινδία με την ευκαιρία της 50ής επετείου της ανεξαρτησίας της Ινδίας από τη Βρετανία, το 1997, πολλοί Ινδοί είχαν ζητήσει την επιστροφή του διαμαντιού.

 

Πρόκειται για ένα από τα μεγαλύτερα διαμάντια στον κόσμο και πολλοί Ινδοί -ανάμεσά τους και ο εγγονός του ηγέτη της ανεξαρτησίας Μαχάτμα Γκάντι- έχουν ζητήσει να επιστραφεί ως εξιλέωση για το αποικιοκρατικό παρελθόν της Βρετανίας.

 

«Δεν πιστεύω πως αυτή είναι η σωστή προσέγγιση», δήλωσε χθες ο Κάμερον προς δημοσιογράφους, αφού έγινε ο πρώτος εν ενεργεία βρετανός πρωθυπουργός που εξέφρασε τη λύπη του για ένα από τα πιο αιματηρά επεισόδια στην αποικιοκρατούμενη Ινδία, μια σφαγή αόπλων πολιτών το 1919 στην πόλη Αμριτσάρ.

 

«Είναι το ίδιο ζήτημα με τα Ελγίνεια Μάρμαρα», πρόσθεσε ο Κάμερον αναφερόμενος στα ελληνικά μαρμάρινα γλυπτά της κλασικής περιόδου που η Αθήνα ζητεί από καιρό την επιστροφή τους.

 

«Η σωστή απάντηση είναι το Βρετανικό Μουσείο και οι άλλοι πολιτιστικοί θεσμοί να κάνουν ακριβώς αυτό που κάνουν, δηλαδή να διασυνδέονται με άλλους θεσμούς σ’ όλο τον κόσμο ώστε να εξασφαλίζουν ότι τα πράγματα που έχουμε και που φροντίζουμε τόσο καλά, να τα μοιραζόμαστε όπως αρμόζει με ανθρώπους σ’ όλο τον κόσμο. Σίγουρα δεν πιστεύω στις επιστροφές. Δεν πιστεύω πως είναι κάτι λογικό», τόνισε.

 

Αξίζει να σημειωθεί ότι αν η Κέιτ Μίντλετον, η σύζυγος του πρίγκιπα Ουίλιαμ, ο οποίος είναι δεύτερος στη σειρά διαδοχής του θρόνου, γίνει τελικά βασιλική σύζυγος, θα φοράει το στέμμα με το διαμάντι σε επίσημες περιστάσεις.

 

Η απάντηση Τζαβάρα

 

«Είναι γνωστή η διαφορά προσέγγισης και αντίληψης που μας χωρίζει από το Ηνωμένο Βασίλειο για το θέμα των Μαρμάρων του Παρθενώνα. Επί του θέματος αυτού δεν χρειάζεται να επαναλάβουμε τίποτα άλλο εκτός από το ότι: Ήταν, είναι και θα είναι πάγια εθνική θέση μας ο επαναπατρισμός των Μαρμάρων και η υλική σύνδεση τους με τον τόπο που γεννήθηκε και αναπτύχθηκε ο πολιτισμός, που τα δημιούργησε», δήλωσε ο αναπληρωτής υπουργός, αρμόδιος για θέματα Πολιτισμού Κώστας Τζαβάρας, με αφορμή τις δηλώσεις του βρετανού Πρωθυπουργού.

 

photo credit: Wikipedia.com

The copyrights for these articles are owned by the Hellenic News of America. They may not be redistributed without the permission of the owner. The opinions expressed by our authors do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the Hellenic News of America and its representatives.